Hemocompatible and Bioactive Heparin‐Loaded PCL‐α‐TCP Fibrous Membranes for Bone Tissue Engineering
Morteza Alehosseini, Nasim Golafshan, Mahshid Kharaziha, Mohammadhossein Fathi, Hossein Edris
The combination of bioactive components such as calcium phosphates and fibrous structures are encouraging niche‐mimetic keys for restoring bone defects. However, the importance of hemocompatibility of the membranes is widely ignored. Heparin‐loaded nanocomposite poly(ε‐caprolactone) (PCL)‐α‐tricalcium phosphate (α‐TCP) fibrous membranes are developed to provide bioactive and hemocompatible constructs for bone tissue engineering. Nanocomposite membranes are optimized based on bioactivity, mechanical properties, and cell interaction. Consequently, various concentrations of heparin molecules are loaded within nanocomposite fibrous membranes. In vitro heparin release profiles reveal a sustained release of heparin over the period of 14 days without an initial burst. Moreover, heparin encapsulation enhances mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) attachment and proliferation, depending on the heparin content. It is concluded that the incorporation of heparin within TCP–PCL fibrous membranes provides the most effective cellular interactions through synergistic physical and chemical cues.