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Dentin extracellular matrix loaded bioactive glass/GelMA support rapid bone mineralization for potential pulp regeneration

The study aims to develop a novel dentin extracellular matrix (dECM) loaded gelatin methacrylate (GelMA)-5 wt% bioactive glass (BG) (Gel-BG) hydrogel for dental pulp regeneration. We investigate the role of dECM content (2.5, 5, and 10 wt%) on the physicochemical characteristics and biological responses of Gel-BG hydrogel in contact with stem cells isolated from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). Results showed that the compressive strength of Gel-BG/dECM hydrogel significantly enhanced from 18.9 ± 0.5 kPa (at Gel-BG) to 79.8 ± 3.0 kPa after incorporation of 10 wt% dECM. Moreover, we found that in vitro bioactivity of Gel-BG improved and the degradation rate and swelling ratio reduced with increasing dECM content. The hybrid hydrogels also revealed effectual biocompatibility, >138 % cell viability after 7 days of culture; where Gel-BG/5%dECM was most suitable. In addition, the incorporation of 5 wt% dECM within Gel-BG considerably improved alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and osteogenic differentiation of SHED cells. Taken together, the novel bioengineered Gel-BG/dECM hydrogels having appropriate bioactivity, degradation rate, osteoconductive and mechanical properties represent the potential applications for clinical practice in the future.

Journal Papers

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